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Semantic Engine
(Part II)

Word Categories (Semantic Analysis)

Verbs may be:

Connectors (coordinating and subordinating conjunctions, conjunctive phrases) link together various parts of the discourse through concepts of:

Personal pronouns are displayed in person ("I", "You", "He", etc.) and in number ("They", "We", etc.) The middle/old English "Thou" form is also detected here.

Modalities (adverbs or adverbial phrases) enable speakers to involve themselves in what they say, or to locate what they say in time and space, through concepts of:

Adjectives may be:

  • objective, i.e. describing beings or objects, regardless of the speaker's standpoint (color adjectives, for example),
  • subjective, i.e. indicating judgment on something or on somebody, thus enabling expression of the speaker's standpoint ("beautiful", "small", "nice", etc.),
  • or numeral, i.e. grouping together numbers (in letters or in figures), along with ordinal and cardinal adjectives.

Other word categories include pronouns, articles, prepositions and non-qualifying adjectives. You do not need to take these categories into account, as they are used only for ambiguity solving.

Use of Word categories (Text Analysis)

Broadly speaking, we can say that:

  • time and place connectors and modalities provide the means to locate the action,
  • intensity and negation modalities provide the means to dramatize the discourse,
  • cause and condition connectors provide the means to construct a chain of reasoning,
  • addition connectors provide the means to enumerate facts or characteristics,
  • opposition connectors more specifically provide the means to argue, to put things into perspective and to set out conflicting standpoints.

Read the next part:
Semantic Analysis, References and Relations

 


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